If you are overweight and have high blood pressure, how will it affect your health? Is it possible to reverse it in senior years?
In people with high blood pressure, their hearts have to work harder. As a result, the arteries take a battering, increasing the risk of stroke, heart attack, and kidney disorders. When high blood pressure remains undetected and untreated, it can lead to the following complications:
• Heart enlargement, which can lead to heart failure.
• Aneurysms, which are small lumps and bumps in blood arteries. The aorta, arteries in the brain, legs, intestines, and the artery leading to the spleen are common spots for aneurysms.
• Blood arteries in the kidneys tighten, potentially leading to kidney failure.
• Arterial hardening, particularly in the heart, brain, kidneys, and legs. It can lead to a heart attack, stroke, renal failure, or leg amputation.
• Blood vessels in the eyes break or bleed, causing visual problems and perhaps blindness. Some people can avoid or control high blood pressure by adopting better routines and changing their lifestyles.
The following can help elders manage their blood pressure:
• Limit your salt intake and eat more fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products to maintain a heart-healthy diet.
• Lose your extra weight.
• Participate in daily physical exercises.
• Stop smoking.
• Limit your alcohol intake.
Hypertension or high blood pressure can cause cardiovascular disorders like heart attacks and strokes. Most people are not aware of it unless they have several blood pressure readings over time. Hypertension is often called a silent killer.
Over the years, I’ve seen many patients reduce or even stop taking their blood pressure medications after losing a small amount of weight. Even a 5 to 10% weight loss can improve a patient’s blood pressure.
High blood pressure increases the risk of hardening the arteries and heart diseases, including heart attack or stroke. And losing moderate weight will definitely help keep it under control. The best way to prevent health problems caused by being overweight and hypertension is to visit a cardiologist and follow the dietary regimen and activities he suggests.