What are the best exercises for cognitive rehabilitation with senior citizens?
Puzzles are among the most popular mental exercises among the elderly. Science has uncovered that solving puzzles can benefit both mental health and relaxation. Additionally, puzzles are easy to blend into your daily routine and can be entertaining to complete alone or with friends. There are all kinds of puzzles to try, like traditional jigsaw puzzles, crosswords, or Sudoku.
In a study of 488 seniors performed in New York City, researchers discovered that solving puzzles delayed the onset of accelerated memory drop by 2.54 years. Puzzles are also a fun pastime for elderly individuals suffering from mental health issues, such as depression.
Music is a powerful tool for stimulating emotions, improving our attention, and boosting memory and concentration. There are many fun and creative ways to use music as a fun mental exercise. For example, you can learn the lyrics to a new song and practice singing it or play a musical instrument, such as the violin or piano.
Even chanting has been found to profoundly influence the brain by releasing mind chatter through music. Singing also provides social, emotional, and cognitive benefits. Music is also helpful in reducing anxiety, stress, and depression, making it one of the most suitable among senior mental exercises.
Gardening is a popular hobby for many elderly individuals. It works as an effective physical exercise, keeping seniors active and mobile. Gardening is an excellent calming and wellness activity for elders to participate in, as it has been found to lower the stress hormone cortisol.
Many researchers say that high cortisol levels in the body may negatively influence memory and learning. High cortisol levels can also increase the risk of developing a mental illness. There is also a strong connection between gardening and lowering the risks of dementia. In a 2006 study that analyzed over 2,800 people over age 60, gardening reduced the risk of future dementia by 40 percent.