What are the things one must get checked up in an annual health checkup for senior citizens?
• Eye exam
According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, adults need to get a baseline screening in their 40s. Your optometrists will then decide if more tests, like annual vision screening, are required. As we age, the risk of eye diseases like cataracts or glaucoma and worsening vision problems increases higher.
• Vitamin D test
Many Americans are dealing with Vitamin D deficiency. This vitamin keeps your bones healthy. It also fights heart disease, cancers, and diabetes. You may need to take this test every year. The more you age, the more difficult it is for your body to produce Vitamin D.
• Skin check
Each year about 5 million people are cured of skin cancer in the United States, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation. To diagnose any skin diseases early, it’s better to check for unusual moles and visit a dermatologist for a full-body exam every year.
Some doctors think a breast exam must be performed every two years, but there is some disagreement about that. According to the American Cancer Society, a clinical breast exam and mammogram screening every year is a must for women aged 45 to 54. Women over 55 can have an annual test if they want to, but every two years must be enough. Your doctor may recommend an annual test if your breast cancer risk is high because of family history.
After considering factors like age, weight, blood pressure, and blood sugar in the final result, the physician will probably ask males to get checked for prostate enlargement and other reproductive system conditions. On the other hand, physicians will also ask females to get checked up for breast cancer since it’s a rising health concern.
Generally, your doctor examines your health and picks the needed tests based on your condition. Factors like age, blood pressure, weight, vision, etc., play a significant role in their decision. So, if you don’t want any unnecessary checkups, you should follow your doctor’s orders. With that in mind, here is a list of some standard health tests that the elderly get regularly:
• Blood tests to check lipids.
• Advanced cholesterol levels raise the risk of heart attack or stroke.
• Blood pressure inspection: To avoid several heart ailments or stroke.
• Dental checkup: To maintain oral health.
• Eye checkup: As we age, the chances of getting glaucoma or cataracts.
• Bone density scan: To check the risks of osteoporosis and start the treatment if necessary.
• Hearing tests: To identify possible medical conditions or infections and start the treatment accordingly.
• Skin exam: To identify skin cancer.
• Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) test: To check the thyroid gland’s functionality.
• ThinPrep Pap test: To identify cervical cancer (for women)
• Prostate cancer screening: Doctors usually recommend this test to men over 50. However, suppose you are diagnosed with a higher risk of prostate cancer. In that case, the doctor may tell you to undergo screening even if you are younger than 50.
• Diabetes test: To track the blood sugar level and avoid further health issues.
• Mammogram: To know about the risks of breast cancer. You might need to start regular screening if you are at least 45.
Routine health checkups become increasingly vital as we age. These health checks would raise seniors’ awareness of their health. Consequently, they can alter their lifestyle to avoid further health complications and live healthier lives. Each older adult must get a few standard health tests regularly.
• Monitoring blood pressure:
It increases the risk of various heart diseases and strokes.
• Blood tests to check lipids:
High cholesterol levels can cause heart attacks or strokes.
• Colorectal cancer exam:
You should get a colonoscopy every ten years after turning 50.
• Eye checkup:
Aging increases the risk of glaucoma or cataracts.
• Dental checkup:
It Helps in maintaining oral health.
• Hearing tests:
Determine whether an infection or medical condition exists and treat it.
• Bone density scan:
To diagnose the risk of osteoporosis to treat the same.
• Thyroid-stimulating Hormone test:
To check the functionality of the thyroid gland.
• Skin exam:
Diagnose risk of skin cancer.
• Diabetes test:
Monitoring and managing blood glucose levels to avoid further health complications.
• Pap smear:
To diagnose cervical cancer in women
To check the possibility of breast cancer. Doctors might advise regular screening to start from as early as 45 years. Your doctor might recommend this health test if you’re over 50 years old. Those at a higher risk for prostate cancer may begin screening after 45.