What are the treatment options for someone who has Alzheimer’s?
Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder. One of the critical causes of dementia is reduced levels of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the brain. We cannot cure Alzheimer’s, but a handful of FDA-approved drugs can be taken to reduce its progression. Donepezil and Rivastigmine are given in mild to moderate cases. And Memantine, which acts on NMDA receptors, is shown in severe cases. Apart from this, to overcome depression, some patients are also given anti-depressants. Newer drugs are yet in research.
Apart from this, patients are given behavioural therapy. If some of the symptoms are due to vascular dementia, exercise and diet may help. Eating healthy, especially foods rich in antioxidants and jogging daily, is highly recommended. Basically, a healthy lifestyle can make Alzheimer’s progress slower. By doing all these things early in the development of this disease, you’ll be able to slow down the deterioration for some people. But eventually, it will take over, and the person will fade.