Tiredness and fatigue are among the issues that all of us have due to busy work schedules, but you may feel the same feeling during a lazy day. Ageing is one condition that leads to fatigue, and most seniors are feeling tired all day long. Unfortunately, seniors mostly ignore fatigue, and their tiredness is from various other issues.
We should consider that not treating the cause of fatigue can lead to some other severe conditions. In this article, we will investigate the causes of fatigue in seniors and propose ways to overcome them.
What Is Fatigue?
Fatigue is a feeling of lethargy or lack of energy. It can occur because of anemia. Anemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells is low. Thus the body has to work harder to send the necessary oxygen to the cells. As a result, you feel extra pressure on your body, which can lead to fatigue.
These symptoms seem interchangeably in many seniors patients, making it difficult for the physician to diagnose fatigue correctly and whether intervention is needed. Seniors are more likely to experience decreased levels of certain hormones and suffering from chronic diseases, which increases the likelihood of experiencing fatigue.
Different Types of Fatigue in Seniors
Fatigue in seniors usually appears and exists in two forms. Here are the two types of fatigue:
1. Physical Fatigue
In physical fatigue, the elderly may find it challenging to complete daily activities. This condition requires more time to rest to help the body recover. This type of fatigue puts the elderly at risk because physical tiredness may cause the person to lose control and fall. It also leads to problems in coordinating movements.
2. Mental Fatigue
That is another more severe fatigue, and resting may not be enough to recover the body. Mental fatigue leads to a reduction in alertness and concentration and, in some cases, amnesia. This kind of fatigue can emotionally affect the elderly and makes them irritable. Depression is another side effect of mental fatigue.
Fatigue for people over 65 can have several underlying problems. In general, fatigue in seniors occurs when the body’s metabolism, oxygen supply, hormone levels, or mental and emotional state are disrupted. Some of the most common signs of fatigue in the elderly include depression, cardiovascular problems, respiratory issues, hormonal imbalances such as hypothyroidism, malnutrition, and metabolic issues such as diabetes.
Diseases Can Lead to Fatigue in Seniors
Sometimes you may ignore fatigue while it may be a sign of a problem in your body. For example, people with rheumatoid arthritis often complain of fatigue and know it is due to the disease. This problem may also be present in other patients with other conditions. In the following, we will explain diseases that can lead to fatigue in seniors.
That is one of the leading causes of fatigue in seniors. Anemia occurs when the level of red blood cells (RBCs) in the body drops. That is associated with various diseases because red blood cells contain hemoglobin, which carries oxygen to the body’s tissues. Anemia is associated with stress on the organs and fatigue. The decrease in the number of red blood cells is due to the loss of red blood cells, the destruction and the slowing down of their production process.
2. Sleep Disorders
Sleep is the body’s physiological mechanism for recovering lost strength and fatigue from physical activity during daily life. During sleep, the body rests and regains missing energy, and the body is once again ready for physical and mental activity. Sleep is one factor that plays a vital function in health and can affect the mortality rate.
If the elderly have a lack of sleep, oversleeping, sleep deprivation, snoring, etc., they suffer from sleep disorders. Although sleep disorders occur at any age, older people often face many difficulties in achieving comfortable sleep. All elderly sleep disorders can lead to fatigue in seniors since they are not thoroughly rested and lack the required energy to do their daily activities.
3. Thyroid Disorders
Research has shown that in old age, the hormonal system of the elderly will change, and then the secretion of hormones will decrease. A reduction in thyroid hormone is one of these changes. An underactive thyroid is more common in the elderly, and people with this may experience other conditions such as weight gain, constipation, and hair loss, in addition to feeling tired. Other symptoms of hypothyroidism in the elderly include weakness, dry skin, drowsiness, memory loss, depression, anorexia, and reduced attention span.
4. Inflammatory Disorders
Inflammatory issues such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus can cause fatigue, joint stiffness, and pain in the elderly.
Unfortunately, cancer has turned into a widespread issue among both younger and older generations, and its cause is mostly related to our lifestyle. Cancer cells grow and spread very quickly, and cancer cells in the body cause the body to lose a lot of its energy resources. Lack of energy leads to fatigue.
- Read More: Best foods to prevent cancer in old age
6. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
In some cases, if the person is always tired, they may have chronic fatigue syndrome. That is also one of the worst conditions the person can suffer since resting does not solve the issue, and tiredness becomes a part of the elderly’s everyday life. It is possible to diagnose this syndrome in the long run, and it does not have a known stimulus, but it can cause lasting fatigue over several months or years.
How to Treat Fatigue in Seniors
Some people ignore the symptoms of fatigue and do not consider it a problem. However, it is necessary to see a doctor to diagnose the reason for fatigue. In some cases, fatigue might be due to an illness per se. Still, fatigue is a side effect of another problem in some other cases, and treating the main problem can eradicate the fatigue all at once.
It might seem strange that exercise is a remedy for fatigue, which itself can lead to tiredness. Research has shown that physical activity in the elderly can increase and boost energy levels and help reduce fatigue. Regular exercise increases the physical strength of seniors; exercise can improve your heart, lungs, and muscles’ function and increase your endurance for other activities. Better functioning of organs leads to a healthy life, which is the prerequisite for being energetic and not feeling any fatigue.
Lack of water in the body will cause fatigue and make it more challenging to perform daily activities in the elderly. Dehydration can also reduce alertness and concentration, so providing the body with the water it needs is essential for both physical and mental well-being in old age.
Sleep is the body’s mechanism to recover itself, and it can restore the energy needed to perform daily activities. Adequate sleep prevents the experience feeling of tiredness, which can affect the daily functioning of the elderly. If the elderly do not get enough sleep at night, a short nap during the day can help boost their energy.
4. Weight Loss
Ageing is when the body cannot burn extra calories, so all the extra calories accumulate as fat. Being fat means requiring more energy to perform daily activities. That leads to using more power and hence makes the person tired. Losing weight increases the energy level, reduces the pressure on other body organs and leads to a healthy life. Exercising and going on a diet are the best ways to lose weight. Also, you must know that yoga helps seniors lose weight.
5. Regular Diet
Consumption of meals and snacks every three to four hours in small volumes in the elderly can maintain the metabolic flow at appropriate levels and increase energy. The trending diets for seniors must be composed of healthy and nutritious components.
As noted earlier, we overlook fatigue. However, it can lead to severe complications that affect our daily functioning. Untreated exhaustion can lead to various heart diseases, depression, arthritis, sleep disorders, cancer, anemia, etc. If the elderly are experiencing fatigue, it is crucial to see a doctor diagnose the cause and know how to deal with the disease.
If you are experiencing fatigue, it is important to seek treatment as soon as possible. If you ignore it, you will face mental, physical and mental problems in the future. It may even be a symptom of a disease that, if left unchecked, can lead to early diagnosis.
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