Most Common Diseases of Elderly That Affect Our Lives

Various diseases threaten senior people. Estimations show that the number of the elderly will reach two billion in 2050, and this increase is the direct result of various measures taken to improve the healthcare system. The immune system weakens at this age, the physiological function is disrupted, the circulatory system works poorly, and health care may not be well done. These cases threaten the health of old adults.

The elderly need a lot of attention and care, and shortcomings can significantly impact infectious diseases spread among the elderly population. Changing the lifestyle can easily control the rate of these diseases. If people change their lifestyles, such as losing weight or quitting smoking and increasing physical activity, they can cope with old age’s frequent problems and diseases. In this article, we will delve into the most common illnesses which the elderly are suffering from.

Arthritis

According to experts, Osteoarthritis is probably the number one common disease that many older people struggle with. Many older adults worldwide suffer from this complication, which causes pain and reduces their quality of life. Osteoarthritis impairs their ability to move and limits their physical activity. They need to regain their health by going to the doctor and creating an individual exercise program, along with other treatments.

Cancer

diseases of elderly

Cancer is currently the second leading cause of death among people over 65. Reports show that about 28 percent of older men and 21 percent of older women in the United States alone have some form of cancer. But if these people get tested in time and do their annual tests, such as mammograms, colonoscopies, or skin health check-ups, they can suppress the deadly disease if they are diagnosed with cancer in the very early stages of cancer.

More Resources: Best Foods to Prevent Cancer in Old Age

Heart Diseases

According to reports, 31% of the world’s deaths in 2016 were due to heart disease, 80% of which occurred in low- and middle-income countries. Usually, with age, the risk of developing high blood pressure and bad cholesterol increases, leading to heart problems and, eventually, a stroke. Experts believe that lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, getting enough sleep and rest at night, and eating a healthy diet can reduce heart failure in old ages.

Respiratory Diseases

Chronic respiratory diseases, such as obstructive pulmonary disease, have the highest mortality rate among people over 65. Most older men and women have respiratory problems such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, or emphysema. On the other hand, respiratory problems make the elderly vulnerable to other diseases and pneumonia. But if the lungs are checked regularly by a specialist from time to time and treated well if needed, older people will not have breathing problems.

Tuberculosis Infection

diseases of elderly

Pulmonary tuberculosis is also one of the five major causes of infectious diseases common in people over 65. In the United States in 2011, the rate of tuberculosis in people over 65 was twice as high as in people aged 15-24. The symptoms of tuberculosis are similar to those of lung infections. Some older people get the disease from a young age, but the immune system of a young person traps the TB germ in the body, and when these people reach the age of 65, the dormant infection reactivates due to a low level of immunity. 

 If in a nursing home, observe this infection, all the people in contact with the ill person need to test for tuberculosis because it can infect 5 to 10 people within a month. It is very contagious.

Insomnia 

Most seniors have trouble sleeping. Insomnia and its symptoms are not part of the ageing process, and we should treat it properly because it is during sleep that our bodies repair. Sleep helps the body’s immune system to fight germs and infections. Older adults may have problems with mood and memory if they do not get enough sleep. In some cases, being stressed directly results in insomnia, and it is better to eliminate stress and anxiety.

Cataract

Painless blurred vision, frequent sight score changes, sensitivity to light, need for more light to study, decreased night vision, fading or yellowing of colours are the most common symptoms of cataracts. The opacity of the lens of the eye varies from person to person, and it is possible that if the opacity of the lens is not close to the center of the lens, you will not be able to detect it. The most common cause of cataracts is ageing. Still, a family history of cataracts, diabetes, trauma to the eye, long-term use of medications such as corticosteroids, prolonged exposure to the sun, and a history of eye surgery can all lead to cataracts. To prevent these diseases, the elderly should visit an ophthalmologist regularly.

Alzheimer’s 

There are many elderly in the world with Alzheimer‘s disease. However, due to the diagnosis’s complexity, we can not accurately calculate the number of people living with the disease. Experts believe that these people’s cognitive impairments significantly impact a wide range of issues related to the elderly’s health. In essence, Alzheimer’s reduces these people’s ability to care for and protect themselves and creates difficulties for themselves or those who care for them.

Osteoporosis 

diseases of elderly

Osteoporosis deprives older people of mobility and exposes them to successive falls and broken bones. According to the National Osteoporosis Foundation, about 54 million Americans over 50 have the disease. Also, the foundation estimates that the number will reach 64.4 million by 2020. Therefore, the elderly should always insure themselves in this regard by performing osteoporosis diseases tests.

Diabetes

According to statistics, about 6 to 9 percent of people worldwide have type 2 diabetes, and of course, the number of people with diabetes – of any type – has reached 600 million. Type 2 diabetes is a common disease among older people. Therefore, the seniors should diagnose the disease with timely and annual tests and detect illnesses caused by it.

Hearing Loss

diseases of elderly

An essential condition seen in the ears of seniors is hearing loss. Hearing loss affects the quality of life of the elderly. Hearing loss diseases in the elderly are caused by the destruction of auditory nerve cells, causing them not to notice the following sounds. The elders should use hearing aids to amplify the sound.

Influenza and Pneumonia

Although these two common diseases are not chronic, they are among the eight leading causes of death in people over 65. Because the elderly are vulnerable to these diseases and are unable to cope. Therefore, these people should receive flu and pneumonia vaccines.

Seniors’ Drug Abuse

Older adults suffer from health problems due to drug interactions and medication misuse. When they are addicted to tobacco or alcohol, this exacerbates this condition.

Obesity in Old Age

Today, obesity also affects young people, but this disease worsens the elderly’s situation, who are usually less active, to the point where they may develop heart failure, diabetes, respiratory diseases, and cancer. People with a body mass index (BMI) above 30 are obese. Doing physical work and light exercises such as walking can prevent seniors from obesity and possible injuries.

Calculate BMI

Depression

Studies show that depression is one of the widespread mental diseases among older adults in the world. Depression usually weakens the immune system, and as a result, one cannot cope with all kinds of infectious diseases. Medication, speech therapy, or physical activity are needed to deal with depression.

Elderly Oral and Dental Diseases

Hygiene of teeth and gums and having a beautiful smile is essential for eating and chewing food thoroughly. Unfortunately, most older adults lose their natural and primary teeth.

With age, the oral environment becomes drier, and the teeth’ cavities become larger; therefore, teeth and gums need more care.

Elderly Shingles

diseases of elderly

Seniors are more likely to get shingles. This infectious disease usually affects only one side of the body and is accompanied by itching and pain.

After retirement or disability, Seniors’ financial resources reduce, and sometimes they fall into poverty. Therefore, they cannot regularly monitor their health and prevent all these common diseases in old age. Thus, each country’s government must develop special programs regarding diagnosing common diseases of the elderly and their health conditions.

‏Disclaimer: ‏Please read it carefully

Source parentgiving medlineplus betterhealth
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Roberts LN
Roberts LN
7 months ago

I think most of the diseases can be prevented by healthy eating and an active lifestyle. I have type 2 diabetes, and I control my blood glucose level by walking and healthy diets. I never eat simple carbohydrates like white bread or cookies. Bike riding is also good for people with type 2 diabetes.

Liliane
Liliane
Reply to  Roberts LN
24 days ago

Perfect, I can’t agree more, as the old saying says, ” prevention is better than cure.” The two factors you mentioned play a pivotal role in preventing or even improving the above diseases in the article.

Fred
Fred
7 months ago

As the son of a mother with high blood pressure and cholesterol, I must say not only it affects their lives, but also the lives of their family. It is just too stressful. Apart from taking care of their strict diet and health regularly, we are always worried about them. I wish we wouldn’t have to watch our parents be in any state but healthy and strong because once they feel slightly ill, we feel bad too.

brian
brian
7 months ago

I’m not sure about the effectiveness of the influenza vaccine. Despite getting my influenza vaccine last fall, I’ve caught the flu at least two times. Does anybody have a similar experience? What else should I do to avoid getting sick?

Liam
Liam
Reply to  brian
1 month ago

I know what you mean.
In some years, it’s very effective. In other years, less. That’s because there are hundreds of known influenza virus strains, and new ones appear all the time. 
The influenza vaccine is quite reliable when its formulation includes the strains of influenza that you get exposed to.
But it isn’t feasible nor economical to make the vaccine protect against every single possible strain. So the makers typically pick the top 6 strains.
But even so, there’s no reason not to get an influenza vaccine if you’re vulnerable or at risk. 

Walter
Walter
7 months ago

I think we can live with these diseases without fear, and we shouldn’t be afraid of ills and focus on treating them. Because nowadays many ills have suit remedies. So I believe you could add some positive sentences to this article.

Anna
Anna
1 month ago

My granny suffers from hearing loss and insomnia at the same time. It is hard not only for the whole family but also for herself. She is awake all night, and she sits on a couch and stares at the wall. Sometimes she feels lonely and tries to wake me up to talk. We are all so sad about her. But, I think she is getting better because she is now using doxepin.

Claudia
Claudia
1 month ago

My 72-year-old mother really needs hearing aids. Her hearing was recently checked, and she was found to have a 48 percent hearing loss in both ears. My mother stays with us since I am a single mother of four children. I spend all of my income on rent, food, and utilities. Today visiting the ear doctor, she was told that both hearing aids would cost between $4700.00 and $4800.00. He said that one is better than none, but we can’t even afford one. 

Leah
Leah
30 days ago

Cancer doesn’t just kill the patient; it sometimes kills others. I remember the last days of my mum fighting lung cancer. Believe it or not, after a year or two, I was happy she wasn’t suffering anymore.

Ted
Ted
Reply to  Leah
21 days ago

Dear Leah, I am sorry about your mom. I have experienced the same case as yours. My father-in-law was suffering from colon cancer. Although he was suffering a lot, he was trying not to show his pain to us. The pain he was enduring bothered us so much because we could not do anything for him. The day he died, I was sorry about his death, but at the same time, I was glad that he had been relieved from all that suffering.

Ethan
Ethan
Reply to  Leah
21 days ago

You’re really strong, Leah. Whenever I think about my close ones leaving this world, I try to remind myself that someday, it will be my turn to die. When that day comes, I won’t be crying for my own death because no one for sure knows what happens next. And for the same reason, I don’t think that people I care deeply for would be sad about not being in this world. It’s just us who find it difficult to cope with their absence. And just like you said, if they were dealing with severe conditions like cancer, we can find comfort in knowing that they’re not in pain anymore.